Asheville City Plan, 1922
|Title||Asheville City Plan, 1922|
|Asheville City Plan, MCMXXII|
|Alt. Creator||Asheville City Planning Commission|
|Subject Keyword||John Nolen ; Asheville, NC ; city planning ; roads ; housing ; regional planning ; education ; religion ; commerce ; highways ; railroads ; parks ; landscape architecture ;|
|Publisher||Asheville City Planning Commission. 1925 ; [Digital Publisher] D. H. Ramsey Library, Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Asheville , 2006-07-20|
Asheville City Planning Commission
|Type||Source type: text ; illustrations ; digital file|
|Format||Small book. 48 p. 5 folded, colored maps inserted in book.|
|Source||SpecColl NA9127.A8 N6 1925|
|Relation||E.M. Ball Photographic Collection, UNCA ; Edgar M. Lyda Collection, UNCA ; Guide to the John Nolen Pamphlet Collection, Collection Number: 6337, Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library, see: Asheville, NC: Field Survey Book, by John Nolen, Un-numbered ; Nolen family. Papers of the Nolen-Schatte family, 1886-1990 (inclusive), 1886 (bulk): A Finding Aid, [MC 511], Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Harvard University.|
|Coverage||1922 ; Asheville, North Carolina|
Any display, publication or public
use must credit D. H. Ramsey Library, Special Collections, University of
North Carolina at Asheville.
Copyright retained by the authors of certain items in the collection, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
|Description||A 48 page book with five folding maps inserted in the text. Includes description of demography, economics, city parks, transportation, and other relevant factual details about the city of Asheville. John Nolen provides a diagram of the city as a series of circular and self-contained units that often overlap. Each unit is designed to provide basic educational facilities, parks, churches, business districts, and other fundamental support services. An intricate system of transportation features connects the units of the city with one another and utilize many of the existing thoroughfares. The author provides a rationale for the organization of his plan.|
|Citation||Asheville City Plan, 1922 D. H. Ramsey Library, Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Asheville 28804|
|Processed by||Special Collections staff, 2004|
John Nolen (1869-1937)
Nolen was born June 14, 1869 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He attended Girard College and upon graduation in 1884, he worked on the Girard Estate for six years where he earned sufficient money to attend the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania. He received his Ph.B in 1893 and worked for a short time as superintendent of Onteora Park, in the Catskill Mountains. He worked as the Secretary of the American Society for the Extension of University Teaching from 1893 to 1903 and following that he was accepted into the School of Landscape Architecture at Harvard where he received his A.M. in 1905. With his new credentials he entered a thirty-year career that included planning and/or development projects in some fifty cities in the United States. Some of the more notable cities are Kingsport, Tennessee, San Diego, California, Mariemont, Ohio, and Roanoke, Virginia, and Asheville and Charlotte, North Carolina. He was recognized as a leader in his field and served as the president of the American City Planning, and the International Federation for Housing and Town Planning and was also elected in 1927 as president of the National Conference on City Planning. In England he was recognized as an honorary member of the Town Planning Institute of England.
Nolen married Barbara Schatt (1872-1954) on April 22, 1896 and they had four children. John "Jack" Nolen, Jr., the oldest of the children, also worked in city planning and served as the Director of the National Capital Planning Commission in Washington, D.C. John Nolen died of cancer on February 18, 1937 at the early age of sixty-eight.
|p.1-48 and maps||CONTENTS of ENTIRE PLAN by page||
|p.5||A PRESENTATION By the City Commissioners|
|p.6||As the Plan Affects THE DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE|
|p.7||As the Plan Affects THE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS|
|p.8||As the Plan Affects THE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY|
|p.9||A REVIEW OF PROGRESS of the City Plan to Date|
|p.10-48||THE ASHEVILLE CITY PLAN: CITY PLANNING REPORT FOR ASHEVILLE, NORTH CAROLINA|
Asheville stands today on threshold of new
state in its evolution.
Asheville can be hub for National Western North Carolina Playground
City Plan is result of extensive survey of
Survey covers Ashville's History, Physical Aspects, Statistics, Streets, Transportation Business and Industry, Housing, Health, Recreation, Attractions and Public Utilities.
Asheville dates history from 1793.
John Burton is City's Founder.
Is Named for Samuel Ashe.
First Railroad in 1881.
The Automobile is changing the radius of City life.
Asheville needs better Street System, more Parks, a Civic Center.
Western North Carolina is Heart of Southern Appalachian Forest Reserve.
City is well known as Health and Pleasure
Cooperation of Individuals and Public Agencies can give Asheville benefits of being both Pleasure and Health Resort.
Asheville is Center of Southern Water Power Ares; of Mineral and Forest Resources of South.
Many classes of building material are found
2000.000 horse power of water power within 40 miles of City still undeveloped.
Asheville has wealth of resources.
Hotels have international fame.
Golf Clubs have important place in modern resort.
Asheville has very rough topography.
City's Average Elevation is 2,250 feet.
Mountain Section is on High Plateau.
Is Drained by French Broad River.
French Broad divides City into two distinct
Railroad follows the valley route.
Swannanoa Valley should be developed for Park purposes to prevent depreciation of high-class residential property.
City's Valley and Ravine Sections should be
under public control.
Normal flow of French Broad is 2 feet on Government Gauge
Asheville's Average Yearly Temperature is 55 degrees.
Climate gives Asheville unique place among Mountain Resorts.
Region is rich in variety of native trees and
Asheville country is becoming an apple-growing center for which City is logical distributing point.
Population of 50,000 in 1940 is foreseen.
Decentralization offers remedy for congestion
of city life.
Asheville is on Main Lines of Southern Railroad.
Only three grade crossings in City.
Railroads are well located in City but removal of Passenger Station to Biltmore is advocated.
Street Car Routes.
Rerouting of certain car lines is proposed to remedy Pack Square congestion.
Asheville's thoroughfares must be located in
accordance with grade conditions.
Dixie Highway is Main Trunk Route through City ; Central and Southern National Highways are also important routes.
State Highways are backbone of Asheville's thoroughfare system.
It is necessary that chief traffic arteries be widened, and improved.
|p.23||New Streets are Suggested.|
Biltmore and Patton Aves., Broadway and Haywood
Road to be widened.
Many other Streets should be widened.
Asheville Street widths are too narrow, but widenings proposed must be conservative.
Adoption of Standard Street Section makes uniformity possible.
Standard Sections for Streets are described.
New bridge at foot of Hanover Street is suggested.
New Street program will greatly improve
Traffic Squares at Street intersections will remedy traffic problem.
Where Traffic Squares will be located.
Local center is suggested for Broadway at
Chestnut and East Streets.
Southside Plaza to be formed at the intersection of Biltmore and Southside Avenues.
The turn to Clingman Avenue will be made at the
proposed Patton Square.
A Subway under Jefferson Drive will provide a direct connection from Pack Square to West Asheville.
The proposed Civic Center, on the north side of College Street between Spruce and Oak, will be site for Post Office, Library and Community Building.
Would give Asheville beautiful community
Pack Square is Geographical Center of City.
Development at Eastern End of Square will tie in with Civic Center.
|p.30||A FEW ASHEVILLE FACTS AND A FINANCIAL STATEMENT [LEFT]|
|p. 30-31||A FEW ASHEVILLE FACTS AND A FINANCIAL STATEMENT [TOTAL]|
|p.31||A FEW ASHEVILLE FACTS AND A FINANCIAL STATEMENT [RIGHT]|
Bus line station to be created near Marjorie
and Spruce Streets.
Farmer's Exchange at Market and Spruce Streets.
Life of West Asheville centers at Waynesville Avenue and Haywood Road.
Propose Circle at Haywood Road and Hanover Street for West Asheville Community Center.
Site for City Market proposed for Market
City Incinerator has good location.,
Incinerator burned 10,355 loads of trash in
Montford and Aston Parks are inadequate for City.
Proposed Park System will utilize land which might otherwise become undesirable. Will follow banks of French Broad and Swannanoa Rivers, and include mountainside on East of City.
Local Parks, scattered throughout City, will
serve local neighborhoods.
Parked Drives are part of the plan.
Need for auto drives in City is pointed out.
National beauty spots should be preserved and made easily accessible.
Parks and Playgrounds, shown on new plan, are
Biltmore Field to be Asheville's play center.
Area for "Country Park" is selected near
Northern City boundary.
Small Parks in Residential Sections will provide rest places and add to civic beauty.
Playgrounds are also provided for West
Asheville, the intersection of Biltmore Ave. and Valley Street, and
Southside Ave., at Beech Street.
Enlarged school grounds will serve as athletic and recreation centers.
Four acres is needed for school play ground property.
Every school pupil needs one hundred square feet of play space.
High School playground should be enlarged.
Plan should favor private schools.
Opening up of Battery Park Hill is great move for City.
Battery Park Hill may become tourist center for
Well laid-our subdivisions will add much to City's beauty.
Movement to Suburbs is foreseen.
Automobile is making country accessible.
Store centers are best developed under zone plan.
Apartment houses should be grouped together to protect single family houses.
Certain class of factory development is
Sanitariums will not conflict with other property under zone plan.
Biltmore village is fine example of town planning.
Country location of cemeteries is advocated.
Definite section of City is suggested for activities of colored population.
Zone plan designates Business, Industrial,
Residential and Public Districts.
Patton and Biltmore intersection is main business center.
Zoning study will be guide for final ordinance.
Zone plan will protect property from
Zoning is, however, no panacea for short-sighted city building.
Keynote of Asheville zoning ordinance should be simplicity.
English zoning plans worth copying.
No need here for complicated zoning law.
Single and two family homes alone allowed in Residence Districts.
Apartments should go in Business District.
Size restrictions for buildings are advocated.
Disposition of country surrounding city is vitally important.
Main objectives of plan are named in summary.
Matters which require early consideration are given.
Anticipate the needs.
The civic center, and Pack Square Extension.
Improve traffic conditions.
Widen the streets.
Establish a park system.
Battery Park Hill.
Plan for negro life.
Safeguard property interests.
|1||MAP of Existing Conditions as a basis for City Planning|
|2||MAP of City Planning Proposals as a basis for Development: GENERAL PLAN|
|3||MAP of City Planning Proposals as a basis for Development: PARK SYSTEM|
|4||MAP of City Planning Proposals as a basis for Development: MAIN THOROUGHFARES||
|5||MAP of City Planning Proposals as a basis for Development: ZONE STUDY|