D. H. Ramsey Library Special Collections and University Archives

 

 

 

 

 

Carolina Mountain Club Archive
(1923 -    )

M2002.2.1-27

 

 

 

Title Carolina Mountain Club Archive (1923 -     )
Creator Carolina Mountain Club           
Alt. Creator Peter Steurer for the Carolina Mountain Club
Subject Keyword : Carolina Mountain Club ; Samuel Robinson ; Jerome Dykeman ; mountaineering ; Appalachian Trail ; Bernard Elias ; Dr. Gaillard [Gail] Tennent ;George Masa ; Chase Ambler ; Peter Steurer ; Archer Nichols ; Jerome Dykeman ; Eloise Whitson ; William T. Kirkman ;
Subject LCSH : Appalachian Mountain Club
Appalachian Trail
Appalachian Trail -- History
Appalachian Trail -- Guidebooks
Carolina Mountain Club
Dykeman, Jerome (d. 1973)
Elias, Bernard
Hiking -- North Carolina
Hiking -- Appalachian Trail
Hiking -- Appalachian Trail -- Planning
Hiking -- Appalachian Region
Kirkman, William T (1923-2000)
McDonald, Howard
Masa, George
Nichols, Archer (d. 1989)
Tennent, Gaillard, Dr. (d. 1953)
Whitson, Eloise (d. 1992)
Description The Carolina Mountain Club (CMC) was established in Asheville, North Carolina on July 16, 1923.  The focus of the Club is on hiking, building and maintaining trails, and promoting conservation. The history of the CMC is a significant part of western North Carolina's heritage and that of the city of Asheville, NC. It has received national recognition for actively promoting and protecting the mountains of North Carolina and eastern Tennessee.  In an effort to preserve this history for future generations, CMC entered into a mutual agreement with the University of North Carolina at Asheville (UNCA) to house and make accessible the Club’s collection of historical documents, photographs, and other material.   

The CMC archive contains standard administrative, financial and membership information on the club and is remarkably continuous with regard to record-keeping. Three officers of the club were instrumental in retaining core club records and for building the Club's history.  Jerome Dykeman, as CMC Historian took on the task of organizing the records in the 1950s and 1960s.  In the 1960s and on the death of Dykeman in 1973, Eloise Whitson, the Secretary/Treasurer continued the retention and organization of the records until her death in 1992. In addition to the record-keeping responsibilities of these two officers, Arch Nichols, a member,  maintained meticulous files. Mr. Nichols was active in the Club from the 1940s until his death in 1989.  

2002 Donation

A separate donation of items was made in 2002 by Howard McDonald and these were added on the request of Mr. McDonald to the Carolina  Mountain Club Archive as  a sub-series to the early papers. These materials include letters of correspondence related to George Masa and to the creation of Masa Knob and other matters related to the Masa estate and his memorial, 

Publisher D.H. Ramsey Library, Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Asheville 28804
Contributor Jerome Dykeman ; Eloise Whitson ; Arch Nichols ; William Kirkman ; 
Date original 1923
Date digital 2002-12-02
Type Collection ; Text ; Images
Format 28 linear feet
Identifier http://toto.lib.unca.edu/findingaids/mss/CMC/default_carolina_mountain_club.htm
Source M2002.02.01-20
Language English
Relation Is related to: William T. Kirkman Photograph Collection, UNCA Special CollectionsJerome Dykeman Papers, UNCA Special Collections ; Carolina Mountain Club, home page for the active clubhttp://carolinamtnclub.com/index.html ; Appalachian Mountain Club ; A. Chase Ambler, Jr., Rattlesnake Lodge:  A Brief History and Guidebook,  http://www.rattlesnakelodge.com/ ; E.M Ball Collection , UNCA Special Collections ; Kirchner, Matthew Michael. "The Carolina Mountain Club's Campaign to Create Shining Rock Wilderness Area", UNCA Senior Papers ; Samuel Robinson Papers (1891-1973) UNCA Special Collections
Coverage temporal 1923 - present ;
Coverage spatial Asheville, NC ; western North Carolina 
Rights No restrictions.
Any display, publication, or public use must credit the D.H. Ramsey Library, Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Asheville.
Copyright retained by the creators of certain items in the collection, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
  
Donor Donor number #184
Acquisition 2002-12-13  
Citation Carolina Mountain Club Archive, D.H. Ramsey Library, Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Asheville 28804.
Processed by Peter Steurer, CMC Historian, 10-12/2002 ; D.H. Ramsey Library Special Collections staff, 01/2003
HISTORY

Carolina Mountain Club : History Project 
By: Peter Steurer, December 2002 

Overview:  The Carolina Mountain Club (CMC) was established in Asheville, North Carolina on July 16, 1923.  The history of CMC is a significant part of our local heritage and has also resulted in a national influence in promoting and protecting the mountains of North Carolina.  In an effort to preserve this history for future generations, CMC has entered into a mutual agreement with the University of North Carolina at Asheville (UNCA) to house and make accessible the Club’s collection of historical documents, photographs, and other material.  The collection will be housed as part of the Special Collections & University Archives of the D. Hiden Ramsey Library at UNCA (http://toto.lib.unca.edu/) under the category Manuscripts.  Long-time club member  Bernard Elias initiated the agreement with Helen Wykle, Coordinator of Special  Collections at UNCA.  CMC Historian Pete Steurer agreed to organize and inventory the collection, and present it to UNCA.  The collection was presented to UNCA in two batches in December 2002.

Description of Collection:  The Club has a rich and diverse history which has involved the three main activities of hiking, building and maintaining trails, and promoting conservation.  Since CMC never had a physical office, the club’s records have been relocated throughout its history.  The full details of these relocations have not been documented.  It is known that since the 1990s, the CMC records were transferred from CMC club president to president.  CMC president, Howard McDonald, retained the collection after his term and has provided stewardship since 1998.  In October 2002, Pete Steurer acquired the records from Mr. McDonald and began to the process of organizing the collection for presentation to UNCA.

The CMC collection prior to reorganization consisted of three 2-drawer file cabinets, one 4-drawer file cabinet and numerous boxes of assorted sizes.  After reorganization, the collection presented to UNCA consists of 19 boxes.    

With some exceptions, much of the historical information that one would expect a club to have retained has been found in the CMC collection.   This is remarkable, considering that most CMC officers changed every few years, and without a physical office, there was a greater likelihood for important information to be lost.  It is quite likely that three CMC members were instrumental in maintaining the history.  CMC Historian Jerome Dykeman took on the task of organizing the records in the 1950s and 1960s.  He died in 1973.  His outstanding work is evident in the collection today.  Beginning in the 1960s and continuing until her death in 1992, Eloise Whitson held office of CMC treasurer and/or secretary.  This long-term commitment to CMC is evident in the collection, in terms of the continuity she provided to new officers and the data stewardship shown in her outstanding record keeping.  Arch Nichols was an integral part of CMC from the 1940s until his death in 1989.  He led many conservation efforts and kept meticulous files.  These files are largely intact and are an integral part of the CMC history.  

Reorganization of the CMC Collection:  Standard archival practices allow for records to be maintained in the original order that they were produced.  Unfortunately, the original order of the CMC collection was not retained.  This was likely due to the frequent movement of the records as well as the document searches that occurred over the years by CMC members and guests.  To bring order to the collection, it was decided to determine record series groups and place the collection in chronological order within upon each record series.  A record series is a broad classification or grouping of similar records.  The record series groups that were determined for the CMC collection are listed in the following table.  The table also includes an estimate of the historic value of the records within the series and the physical box number for the original record containers when they were transferred to UNCA: 

[Pete Steurer]


BOX New Box No.
Series
Series Title Archive value rating (Assigned by CMC)
1 1 CMC Meeting Minutes  High              
2 2 CMC Financial Records   High                
3 3 CMC Membership Records     High                  
4 4 CMC “Let’s Go” and Hiking Schedule Publications            High                 
5 5 Hiking Schedules & Misc. Publications from other clubs     Medium          
6 6 Hiking and Misc. Publications by other organizations Medium          
7 7 Appalachian Trail Guides and Trail Manuals    High-Medium   
8 8 CMC Hike Reports      Medium            
9 9 CMC Newspaper Clippings and Miscellaneous Pamphlets    Medium-High     
In Map case 10 Commercial Maps and Trail Guides     Low                   
10 11 CMC Legal Documents    High                
11 12 Conservation Documents by other Organizations    Low-Medium    
12 13 CMC Miscellaneous Publications     High                
13 14 CMC Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1948-1974         Low-Medium   
14 15 CMC Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1975-1996  
15 16 CMC Early Documents, History, Member Narratives, Bylaws   High                  
------ ------- CMC - Rattlesnake Lodge  
16 17 CMC Conservation Documents     High                  
17 18 CMC Multi-Club Meeting Documents  High                  
18 19 CMC Max Patch Documents    High-Medium    
19 20 CMC Mountains to Sea Trail Documents                    High                  
20 21 CMC Appalachian Trail Conference Documents
* Part of this series is also contained in a metal index card file box 
High                  
  22 CMC - George Masa Papers High
  22a

Bernard L. Elias Oral History Interview

 
  22b Appalachian Trailway News  [Jan. 1941- Oct. 1994]  
  23a PHOTOGRAPHS (black and white 1-100)  
  24a PHOTOGRAPHS (color 1-100)  
  24b PHOTOGRAPHS (color 100-200)  
  25 PHOTOGRAPH ALBUM  
  26 PHOTOGRAPHS - Dr. Gaillard S. Tennent Slide Collection (2 slide boxes of 35mm slides) CMC received from Mrs. Gaillard S. Tennent after 1954.
Misc. slides from region 1939 - 1953 [300 + slides]
 
  27 SCRAPBOOKS