NATIONAL FORESTS in NORTH CAROLINA
|Title||National Forests in North Carolina Historic Photographs|
|Creator||USDA National Forests in North Carolina|
|Alt. Creator||Cradle of Forestry, North Carolina|
|Alt. Creator||United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service|
|Alt. Creator||Carl A. Schenck (photographed 1897)|
|Subject Keyword :||Carl Schenck ; Gifford Pinchot ; William W. Ashe ; Biltmore Forest School ; Biltmore Estate ; George Vanderbilt ; Asheville, NC ; schools ; forestry ; logging ; environmental science ; logging processes ; logging roads ; biology ; botany ; botanical studies ; timber ; grazing ; soil erosion ; pollution ; forest growth patterns ; forest history ; forestry methods ; forestry equipment ; land use ; geography ; oak-chestnut types ; yellow poplar ; spruce ; aspen ; basswood ; beech ; buckeye ; cedar ; cherry ; chestnut ; hickory ; black locust ; oaks ; sycamore ; forest regeneration ; stand improvement ; forest thinning ; silvaculture ; forest fires ; tanning bark ; tannin ; protective burning ; soil stabilization ; forest industries ; pulpwood cutting ; pulp extraction ; US Geological Survey ; road banks ; shingle splitting ; water cycle ; wells ; gauging stations ; roads ; dams ; bridges ; trails ; Bent Creek ; Coweeta ; Fernow ; forestry bibliography ; rail transport ; Pink Beds ; Judson Meece ; George Gillespie ; F.L. Olmsted ; Bent Creek ; William Jennings Bryan ; Patton House, Pisgah Forest ; Pisgah Forest ; Jenny Lodge ; Sunburst, NC ; Big Hell Hole quarters ; Little Hell Hole quarters ; fire protection ; campgrounds ; camping ; Forest Festival ; tours ; watersheds ; waterfalls ; picnicking ; engineering ; wild life ;|
|Subject LCSH :||
Agricultural laws and legislation -- United States.
Biltmore Forest School -- History.
Foresters -- United States -- Biography.
Forests and forestry -- United States -- History.
Cradle of Forestry
Forests and forestry -- North Carolina -- Pisgah National Forest.
Conservationists -- United States -- Biography.
Forest conservation -- United States -- History.
Nature conservation -- United States -- History.
National parks and reserves -- United States -- History
Forests and forestry --- United States
Forests and forestry --- Bibliography
Shortleaf pines on coastal plain soils
Watershed management --- Appalachian Region, Southern
Hydrology, Forest --- Appalachian Region, Southern
Forestry and Community
Forestry Extension North Carolina
Forestry Extension Southern States
Forestry Schools and Education
Forestry Schools and Education --- North Carolina
United States. Department of the Interior
United States. Forest Service
Ashe, William W., 1872-1932
Ayres, Horace B., 1856-?
Barrett, L.I ,1872-1932
Buell, Jesse H., 1901-?
Cline, Ambrose Schenck
Damtoft, Walter J.,1890-1976
Foster, Harold D.,
Frothingham, Earl, 1880 -1971
Gaskill, Alfred , 1861 - 1950
Haasis, Ferdinand W., 1889 - ?, & Hursh, C.R.
Hall, Rufus C. 1885-?
Hall, William L. 1873 -1960
Hursh, Charles R., 1895-1988
Korstian, Clarence F., 1889 - 1968
MacKinney, Arland L., 1904 - 1938
Mattoon, Wilbur R.
Mohr, Charles, 1824 - 1901
Olmsted, Frederick E., 1872 - 1925
Pinchot, Gifford , 1865-1946
Schenck, Carl , 1868-1955
Shipp, Everett Spenser, 1877-1944
Zon, Raphael , 1874 -1956
The National Forests in North Carolina Historic Photographs (NFNC) include approximately 1800 images dating from c. 1896 to the 1980s. The Biltmore Forest School photographs, dating from 1898 - 1913, are some of the most exceptional holdings in this collection. Also included are large panoramic photographs and many negatives taken by NFNC staff and others. A small body of publications from the Cradle of Forestry and from the US Department of Agriculture accompany the collection.
The first collections in the National Forests in North Carolina (NFNC) holdings came to UNCA in October of 2010 through Mary Noel, Lands and Planning Staff Officer at the Forest Service headquarters in Asheville, North Carolina. A second large donation from the Cradle of Forestry, Pink Beds, came to UNCA on January 24, 2011. Smaller collections will join the core materials later in 2011. The collections were processed and digitized in 2010-2011 with funds from the USDA Forest Service and matching services from the University of North Carolina Asheville. . The National Forests of North Carolina photographs have very few duplicates in the USFS holdings.*** Foresters share many interests and materials in common and the recent collaboration of the university with the National Forests of North Carolina and the Cradle of Forestry, is expected to provide added depth and breadth to all shared forestry holdings at the university including the extensive US Forest Service Southern Research Station photograph collection.
The major contribution of the National Forests in North Carolina Photographic collections is the historic nature of the photographs. The opportunity to view the early years of forestry in America and to see many of the founders of forestry at work is especially gratifying. Gifford Pinchot, Carl Schenck, and other notable foresters are found at work throughout the collections. The photographic materials are largely of high quality and contain beautifully photographed subjects. Unlike the many documentary photographs of the USFS collection, the National Forests of North Carolina photographs are jewels of composition and subject and capture the spirit of forestry in its early years.
The NFNC collections represent the work of many different photographers during the period from about the 1890's to about 1952 and, like the USFS collection, it includes many well-known area photographers such as Charles Abell, C.R. Hursh, Herbert Pelton and Plateau Studios, George Masa, E.M. Ball, Ignatius Brock, and others. In fact, there are many prints that are obviously taken from the USDA negatives and that were used by both organizations. Some images may be duplicated in other forestry collections such as those at NC State University.
The National Forests in North Carolina Historic Photograph Collection was originally organized by NFNC for internal reference purposes. The original arrangement is basically maintained in this finding aide and in the physical inventory. Headings and captions, and specific titles, when known, are retained. Listings in the CONTENTdm DIGITAL FINDING AID include the original file cabinet and drawer numbers and also include USDA identification numbers, when given. In the process of inventory and digitization, each photograph has been given a unique catalog number starting with "nfnc_000xx".
Individual photographic units may be searched by using the Special Collections local Google search box which includes the thematic units that have been subdivided into pages to allow for rapid search. A 'find in page' command within the unit will eventually isolate all individual subjects. Or, the user may use the CONTENTdm DIGITAL FINDING AID which allows considerable zoom capability.
This collection will be useful for forestry, environmental, biological or botanical studies. Subject areas include the history of forestry, effects of logging, tannin bark harvesting, wild life in the Blue Ridge Mountains, methods and equipment and historical data on land use, trail maintenance, dams, roads, bridges, and other infrastructures and flora and fauna in the national forests. The geographical areas covered by the collection remain largely within western North Carolina but encompass other major National Forests in North Carolina, including: Pisgah, Nantahala, Uwharrie and Croatan National Forests. Also included are images from neighboring states and from European forestry programs.
The primary donation of over c. 2000 items including photographic prints, negatives, documents, publications, letters and posters describes the years of early forestry in America. Many of the images are taken at the Cradle of Forestry in America, not far from Asheville. The images show foresters at work, transportation systems, Forest Festival tours, logging processes, logging roads, buildings, and other associated activities in western North Carolina.
This first collection is comprised of thematically grouped photographs and all are preceded by the letter "C" which designates the Cradle of Forestry (CFA). The schema of the original collection is an alpha-numeric arrangement and the alphabetic headings are used as a shortened form of the key theme. For example E = Engineering. A general description of the filing scheme follows:
The following is a brief outline of the thematic groupings designated in the first donation from the NFNC offices:
The second donation from the NFNC offices and Cradle of Forestry has a more abbreviated and alphabetical list of subjects, many of which overlap the first donation in subject.
The discreet organization of the two donations has been retained in this finding aid and but has been largely abandoned in the new CONTENTdm digital format which allows for cross searching collections thematically and by item identification.
***The NFNC collections complement the forest history project which was undertaken by UNCA , NC State, the Forest History Society at Duke, Biltmore Estate and with the Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC in 2003. Funded in part with state Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) grant money, the Forest History grant enabled UNCA to digitize over 3,249 images donated to the university from the collections of the US Forest Service Southeastern Experiment Station in Asheville SEE: U.S Forest Service Southern Research Station Photograph Collection 1897-1952
|Publisher||D.H. Ramsey Library Special Collections, University of North Carolina Asheville|
This project is supported with federal funds made possible through a grant from the U.S. Forest Service, and administered by the National Forests in North Carolina, a division of the US Department of Agriculture Forest Service.
|Type||Collection ; Image ; text|
format: 7 cartons of images. [4 cartons of photographs]
Digital format: tiff ; jpg ; html
|Source||P2010.12.1 [lateral filing cabinet]|
|Relation||National Forests in North Carolina ; Southern Research Station - Historical Resources ; Appalachian Station ; Anniversary Report 1921-1946 Appalachian Forest Experiment Station ; Introduction to the Southern Research Station, 1996 ; Forest History Society, Duke University ; NC State University Special Collections ; Biltmore Estate Archives ; Peter J. Hanlon and James K. Vessey Collection (1880's-1991), UNCA Special Collections ; Reuben B. Robertson Collection, UNCA Special Collections ; William Nothstein Oral History , UNCA Special Collections ; D. Hiden Ramsey Collection, UNCA Special Collections ; Papers of Congressman Roy Arthur Taylor, UNCA Special Collections ; Carolina Mountain Club Archive UNCA Special Collections ; Austin-Brooks Collection, UNCA Special Collections ; William T. Kirkman Photograph Collection, 1923-2000, UNCA Special Collections; Walter Julius Damtoft Collection, UNCA Special Collections ; North Carolina Museum of Forestry ; NC ECHO, North Carolina - Exploring Cultural Heritage Online ; The Southern Appalachian Research Center -- 1956 ; A History of Forestry Research in the Southern United States, 1989 ; Pinchot, Gifford. Biltmore Forest. New York: Arno, 1970. (Reprint of 1893 edition, available at UNCA Ramsey Library Special Collections) ; Pinchot, Gifford. Breaking New Ground. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1947. (Autobiography, published posthumously, available in UNCA Ramsey Library General Collection). Pinchot, Gifford. A Primer of Forestry. Washington : G.P.O., 1899-1905. (Available in both UNCA Ramsey Library General Collection and Special Collections). Pinchot, Gifford and W.W. Ashe. Timber Trees and Forests of North Carolina. Winston, M. I. & J. C. Stewart, public printers, 1897. (Available in UNCA Ramsey Library Special Collections) ; 4 min. Video, Gifford Pinchot Bridging Environmental and Labor in the Early 20th Century, YouTube ; "Down Under the Hill," original alma mater song for the Biltmore Forest School, c. 1902 ; Live View and Air Quality Readings from Cold Mountain ; Cradle of Forestry in America ; Forest History Society : http://www.lib.duke.edu/forest/ ; The Evolution of the Conservation Movement: http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/amrvhtml/conshome.html ; National Museum of Forest Service History: http://www.nfs-museum.org/ ; Forest Service Historical Photograph Collection:http://www.nal.usda.gov/speccoll/collect/forest.html ; Pisgah Folio, Shirley Stipp Ephemera Collection, D.H. Ramsey Library, UNC Asheville ; Report No. 73-1-25. "Evaluation of Southern Pine Bettle Infestations on the Pisgah District, Pisgah National Forest, North Carolina, US forest Service, Asheville NC. U.S. Department of Agriculture - Forest Service Southeastern Area, State and Private Forestry, division of Forest Pest management. February, 1973, D.H. Ramsey Library, UNC Asheville.|
|Coverage||1890's -1950's ; Asheville, NC ; North Carolina ; Tennessee ; Kentucky ; South Carolina ; Georgia ; Virginia ; West Virginia|
|Rights||No restrictions. Any display, publication, or public use must credit the D.H. Ramsey Library Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Asheville. Copyright retained by the authors of certain items in the collection, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law.|
|Donor||National Forests in North Carolina, central office, 160 Zillicoa St., Suite A, Asheville, NC|
|Acquisition||First donation of photographs from NFNC offices, 2010-10-12 [approximately 1000 photographs] ; second donation of photographs from "Cradlle of Forestry" offices, 2011-01-24 [approximately 1000 photographs].|
|Citation||National Forests of North Carolina Historic Photographs, D.H. Ramsey Library, Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Asheville 28804|
Collections staff 2010-10-12 to 2011-12-12
Special thanks to: Toey Fortenberry (Project Coordinator) ; Heide Penner ; Jessica Furst ; Melissa Hutchenson ; Brandon Gipson ; Robert Cunningham ; Susan Jones ; William Knauth ; Laura Carter ; Allison Kubel ; Wesley Stevens
|Biographies||See listing in LCSH Subject Headings, above.|
Cradle of Forestry
The Fashioning of the Cradle of Forestry in America, Verne Rhoades.
|[COLLECTION 1 ]
**The following outline is from the original "Cradle of Forestry in America filing scheme for Photographs and Maps," United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service
|C||Master Prefix for all photographs
and maps used by original cataloger. To search for the following
subjects go to CONTENTdm database and search using the terms in the
National Forests in North Carolina Photographs (572) 11/17/2011 CONTENTdm site to search FULL COLLECTION
Buildings ; Fences
a. Furniture and Furnishings
|O||Operations and Information I|
|1||Foresters at Work (Includes students)|
|2||Groups (Old-timers, etc.)|
|3||Portals and Signs|
|7||Forest Festival, Tours|
|House Keeping, BFS|
|1||Camping and Picnicking|
|3||Hiking and Riding|
|6||Sidelights (Human Interest)|
|TM||Timber Management I|
a. Bucking, felling, hauling, loading
b. Logs, camps, and crews
c. River Driving
b. Planting Stock
c. River Driving
a. Natural reproduction
b. Field Planting
c. Coppice Method
a. Pulp and Paper
|5|| 1. Mill Machinery
2. Mills and Log Storage
3. Portable Mills
4. Storage, Seasoning
|1||Carnivores ; Bear|
|2||Fish, including planting, stream improvements|
|3||Reptiles and Insects|
|PHOTOGRAPHS --- Collection II|
|Alphabetically filed items, not indexed by types:|
|Earl Blank, (Sunburst Biltmore Forest School views)|
|John D. Mylrea, (Biltmore Forest School in Pink Beds)|
|Ambrose Schenck [?] Cline
[Ambrose Schenck Cline B.S. 1917 Wenona, N. C.. Assistant Director, Branch Experiment Station Edward Lamar Cloyd B.E. 1915 ...West Raleigh. N. C. .. ?]
|Verne Rhoades, prints, 1920's (nfnc_0853 - nfnc_0877) Includes Forestry School photographs|
|Dr. Carl Alwin Schenck, negatives (nfnc_1118 -nfnc_1219)|
|USFS, prints, 1920's and 1930's|
Dr. Carl Alwin Schenck,
1950 BFS reunion in Pink Beds, NC ;
|Al Broadhead, American Forestry Association (AFA) conference (nfnc_0710-nfnc_0758)|
|*Suffix "P" indicates we have print only.|
|*Suffix "N" indicates we have negative only.|
|SERIES 2||[COLLECTION 2 ] From "Cradle of Forestry" offices. Approximately 1000 images.|
|Bathing (See also swimming pools)|
|Cabins (See also buildings)|
|Camping - Campgrounds|
|Deer Traps and Enclosures|
|Fire Towers, Observatory Towers|
|Fish Rearing and Fishing|
|Planting and Landscaping|
|Recreation Areas, Parking Areas, Picnic Grounds, etc. (Also see list of Campgrounds)|
|Roads, Trails and Road Construction (nfnc_1220 - nfnc_1280)|
|Salt Stand (or Box)|
|Swimming Pools (also see Bathing)|
|Streams and Stream Improvement|
|Views and Vistas|
|SERIES 3||SUPPLEMENTARY HISTORICAL MATERIALS:
|SERIES 4||CRADLE OF FORESTRY COLLECTIONS|