D. H. Ramsey Library Special Collections and University Archives

Papers of Congressman Roy Arthur Taylor 
(1959-1977)

M77.15.1- 12 ;  OS77.06.01-2 ;  R77.15.01-05

Title Papers of Congressman Roy Arthur Taylor (1959-1977)
Creator Roy Arthur Taylor
Identifier http://toto.lib.unca.edu/findingaids/mss/taylor/taylor.html
Subject Keyword : Roy Arthur Taylor ; National Parks and Recreation Sub-Committee ; National Park Service ; United States Congress ; Department of the Interior ; Blue Ridge Parkway ; historic sites ; Dismal Swamp ; Alaskan oil ; Alaskan pipeline ; Apostle Islands ; Appalachian program ; Arches National Monument, Utah ; Arlington National Cemetery ; Big Cypress National Preserve, Florida ; Big Thicket National Preserve ; Biscayne National Monument ; Boston National Historic Park ; Buffalo National River, Arkansas ; Canyon Lands National Recreation Area, Utah ; Cape Cod National Seashore, Mass. ; Cape Hatteras National Seashore ; Cape Lookout National Seashore, NC ; Capitol Reef National Mounument ; Chattooga River ; Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area, GA ; Chesapeake Bay Basin Study ; Chickasaw National Recreation Area, OK ; Clinchfield Dam ; coal leasing ; coal mining legislation ; Cohelan Bill - Vocational Education ; Colorado River Basin ;Congaree Swamp National Monument ; Connecticut Rivre ; Constellation National Historic Site ; Cowpens National Battle Ground, SC ; Craters of the Moon National Park Wilderness, Idaho ; Cuya Hoga Valley National Historical Park, OH ; Cumberland National Seashore, GA ; John Day Fossil Beds National Monument, OR ; Eagles Nest Wilderness, CO ; energy ; energy resources crisis ; Eutaw Springs National Battlefield and Park, SC ; Everglades National Park, FL ;  Father Marquette National Park, MI ; land and water conservation ; Flaming Gorge ; Flathead River ; Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument, CO ; Floyd Bennett Field ; Ford's Theatre National Historic Site, D.C. ; Fort Donelson National Battlefield, TN ; Fort Point National Historic Site, CA ; Fossil Butte National Monument, WY ; Frederick Law Olmsted Home and Office, MA ; Gateway National Recreation Area, NY ; Glen Canyon Dam ; Golden Eagle Program ; Golden Gate National Recreation Area, San Francisco ; Grand Canyon National Park ; Grant-Kohrs National Historic Site, Montana ; Guadalupe Mountains, ; Gulf Islands National Seashore ; disability legislation ; Harpers Ferry National Historical Park ; Hell's Canyon National Recreation Area ; Historic Preservation Act ; Higher Education Act, 1965 ; Holland National Seashore, FL ; Homestead National Monument ; Hudson River ; Ice Age National Reserve, WI ; Indian affairs ; Indiana Dunes ; coal slurry pipeline ; Carl Sandburg ; Golden Gate Headlands ; Voyageurs National Park ;  Isle Royal Wilderness Proposals ; wilderness hearings, 1967 ;
Subject LCSH : Taylor, Roy Arthur
United States. Congress. House
United States -- Politics and government -- 1959- 1977
North Carolina -- Officials and employees -- Sources
National parks and reserves -- Law and legislation -- United States
Historic sites -- Law and legislation -- United States
Description Taylor's Congressional papers including his bills, material relating to various issues considered by Congress during his terms (1959-1976), letters to and from constituents, press releases, records of his committee work, and other items, many dealing with the National Park Service. Taylor was a member of the Interior and Insular Affairs committee and was Chairman of the National Parks and Recreation Sub-Committee. He was also a member of the International Relations Sub-Committee.  The collection contains detailed, comprehensive information on acquisition, boundaries, maintenance, and use of the National Park system, including Congressional Bills, letters, maps, photographs, and proposals. Taylor's papers also reflect his other concerns in the areas of foreign policy, school affairs including busing and integration, and other issues of importance in the 1960s.
Publisher D.H. Ramsey Library, Special collections, University of North Carolina at Asheville 28804
Contributor Southern Highlands Research Center ; United States Government ; family of Roy Taylor
Date 2001-05-28
Type Collection ; Text
Format 22 linear feet, consisting of 18 document cases and 2 1/2 file cabinets ; note- that location is largely file cabinet storage
Source M77.15.1 [M77.06.01] .   D-163 through D-180 inclusive; file cabinet 16, drawers 1 through 5 (16-1 through 16-5); file cabinet 17, drawers 1 through 5 (17-1 through 17-5); file cabinet 18, drawers 1 and 2 (18-1 and 18-2)
Language English
Relation Carolina Mountain Club, D.H. Ramsey Library Special Collections ; "Not So Back of Beyond: Urban Echoes Along the Blue Ridge Parkway," exhibit at UNC Asheville in celebration of the 75th anniversary of the Parkway ;
Coverage 1959-1977 ; Washington, D.C ; Asheville, NC ; Western North Carolina ; world-wide in scope
Rights Copyright retained by the authors of certain items in the collection, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Donor Donor number 25
Acquisition Spring & Summer, 1977. Additional acquisitions added August 11, 1994. Acquired by the SOUTHERN HIGHLANDS RESEARCH Center
Citation Roy Arthur Taylor Collection (1959-1977), D.H. Ramsey Library Special Collection, University of North Carolina at Asheville 28804
Processed by Southern Highlands Research Center staff, 1977 ; Special Collections staff, 1994, 2001.
Last update 2001-05-28
Notes:  The "MANU-TFS" file on this computer listing should be considered part of the overall listings of manuscript materials.  These listings have been separated primarily due to the length of the listings, and because of their common storage in file cabinets. 

"MANU-TFS" indicates the descriptions and inventories for the Roy Taylor and U.S. Forest Service collections.
  As stated, these materials are housed in file cabinets rather than shelved with other manuscript materials, with the exception of 18 additional document containers for the Roy Taylor collection.  Each of these collections is relatively large.  In each case most of the original order is preserved, and they are held in the original file cabinets  

Notes concerning problems where the original order of some of the Forest Service items was disturbed are found in the description and inventory.  These cabinets are also the best locations in terms of conservation, with the exception of a wooden cabinet for some of the Forest Service materials; although this cabinet is less than optimal, there are no deleterious effects noticed at the present time [January, 1994].
Biographical outline
1910 Born in Vader, Washington, son of Arthur A. and Ida (Morgan) Taylor
1931 A.B., Maryville (Tennessee) College
1932 Married Evelyn Reeves.  Children: Alan F., Toni T. Roberson
1936 Law License, Asheville N.C.
1936 Admitted to N.C. bar.  Practiced in Asheville and Black Mountain until 1960
1943-46 Served as Lieutenant (senior grade) U. S. Naval Reserve.
1947-53 Member, 86th-87th Congress, 12th district, N.C.  Member, 88th-93rd Congresses, 11th district, N.C.
1949-60 Member, N.C. legislature from Buncombe County
1951-52

Lion's Club, district governor. Baptist deacon.

Home, at time of donation, 110 Connally St., Black Mountain, N.C. 28711
Brief Biography

Roy Arthur Taylor was born January 31, 1910 in Vader, Lewis County, Washington.  In his first year his family moved to Candler, North Carolina, where he grew up.  There he attended the Buncombe County Public School system.  Taylor went on to attend and then graduate in 1929 from Asheville-Biltmore College, the predecessor of UNC Asheville, and at the time a two year institution.  He continued his training at Maryville College in Tennessee,  where he received and A.B degree in 1931.  In 1936 he received a law degree from Asheville University Law School.

Upon his graduation from Asheville University Law School,  Taylor was admitted to the bar and began private practice in Asheville.  When World War II broke out Taylor enlisted in 1943 in the United States Navy.  He stayed in the military for three years and was discharged as a lieutenant in 1946 after having served as commanding officer of a tank landing ship.

After the war Taylor went into politics and in 1947 was a member of the North Carolina general assembly. He continued in that capacity, serving another two-year term, until 1951.   Taylor was a Buncombe County attorney from 1949 until 1960, and was a member of the Asheville-Buncombe College board of trustees for the same years.  In the spring of 1960 North Carolina Congressman David M. Hall died while in office, and Taylor was elected to take his place.  Taylor served out the term as the 12th District Representative, and was elected for eight Congresses after that as the 11th District Representative.  In total he was in the House of Representatives from June 25, 1960 until January 3, 1977.

Taylor did not run for office again in 1976 or afterwards, and died November 28, 1995  in Black Mountain, North Carolina.  During his life Taylor was a Baptist and a member of the Lions Club.

  The following was read before Congress and entered into the Congressional Record by Congressman Charles H. Taylor on March 7, 1995, following the death of the former Congressman.
 

IN MEMORY OF REPRESENTATIVE ROY TAYLOR

HON. CHARLES H. TAYLOR
OF NORTH CAROLINA
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Tuesday, March 7, 1995

Mr. TAYLOR of North Carolina.

"Mr. Speaker, last week, western North Carolina lost a great statesman and a friend. Former Congressman Roy Taylor who served the constituents of North Carolina’s 11th District for 16 years died March 2, after years of declining health.

During his tenure on Capitol Hill, Congressman Taylor championed the conservation of  natural resource and was known for his exhaustive work on behalf of the people of our district. Those who were here tell of his commitment to 12-hour days and 6-day workweeks.

Roy Taylor was born, January 31, 1910, in Vader, WA, but his parents moved to western North Carolina not long after he was born. He attended the public schools in Buncombe County, spent 2 years at Asheville-Biltmore College, and then graduated from Maryville College in Tennessee in 1931.

Mr. Taylor began a career as a schoolteacher in 1931 at Black Mountain High School and the next year married Evelyn Reeves of Leicaster. While teaching, Taylor began studying law and in 1936 graduated from Asheville University Law School. Upon passing the bar that same year, he quit his teaching job and began to practice law in Asheville.

In 1943, Taylor left his law practice to serve in combat with the U.S. Navy. Upon fulfilling his duty to the Nation, he was discharged as a lieutenant in 1946. After returning to western North Carolina, Taylor began his political career as a member of the North Carolina General Assembly from 1947 to 1949. He then served as Buncombe County attorney from 1949 to 1960. During this time, he also served as a member of the board of trustees of Asheville-Biltmore College. In 1960, Taylor was elected as a Democrat to the 86th Congress, during a special election to fill the vacancy created by the death of Representative David Hall. Taylor was reelected to the eight succeeding Congresses and retired in 1976. Taylor served 10 of those years as chairman of the House Interior Committee’s Subcommittee on National Parks and Recreation.

After public service, Congressman Taylor dedicated his time to the church and his community. He was district governor of Lions Clubs in western North Carolina. He also served as a deacon and Sunday school superintendent of Black Mountain First Baptist Church.

Taylor is survived by his wife, Evelyn; daughter, Toni Robinson of Plymouth; son, Alan Taylor of Bent Creek; grand-daughter, Stacy Taylor; grandsons, Marshall and Gregg Robinson; sister, Alberta Greene of Enka; great-grandchildren, Katherine Taylor Robinson and Charlotte Whittfield Robinson."

SERIES
O1 D -163  - D -180
02 A - C  (Alphabetical list of Congressional papers)
03 D - F
04 G - I
05 J - L
06 M-0
07 P-R
08 S-U
09 V-Z
10 Taylor Bill Index
11 Misc. binders and published material
12 Congressional Bills Sponsored by Roy Taylor 1957 to 1976
13 Congressman Roy Taylor Realia  - R77.15.01-05
14 Congressman Roy Taylor Photographs - OS77.15.01
   

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