D. H. Ramsey Library Special Collections and University Archives

M2010.06.01-17, OS2010.16.01

Title Robert F. Campbell Papers
Creator Campbell, Robert F. (Robert Fishburne), 1858-1947.
Alt. Creator First  Presbyterian Church, Asheville
Identifier http://toto.lib.unca.edu/findingaids/mss/campbell_robert_f/default_campbell_robert_f.htm
Subject Keyword

Robert F. Campbell ; Sarah Ruffner ; Henry Ruffner ; William Henry Ruffner ; Presbyterian Historical Foundation, Montreat, NC ; First Presbyterian Church, Asheville, NC ; Synod of Appalachia ; Union Theological Seminary, Virginia ; Presbyterian General Assembly ; Presbyterians ; religion ; Protestantism ; sermons ; mission schools ; maps ; Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals ; education ; Harry Emerson Fosdick ; Pan-Presbyterian Federation ; railroads ; schools ; ministers ;

Subject LCSH Campbell, Robert F., 1858-1947
Campbell family
Ruffner family
First Presbyterian Church (Asheville, N.C.)
Presbyterian Church in the U.S. Synod of Appalachia
Presbyterian Church. Missions
Asheville (N.C.) -- Church history
Pan-Presbyterian Federation

The collection contains the personal papers of Robert F. Campbell primarily documenting his career as pastor of First Presbyterian Church in Asheville, N.C. from 1892 to 1946 and, to a lesser extent, his research and writing on social issues, particularly race in the South and the people of Appalachia.  The papers are comprised of correspondence; numerous sermon notes, outlines, and drafts; printed sermons; scrapbooks; clipping files on various social, cultural, and religious issues, especially from the period 1890 to 1920; student notebooks Campbell kept when he was a student at Washington and Lee and Union Seminary; correspondence, speeches, and abstracts of minutes relating to the organization of the Synod of Appalachia from 1914 to 1915; and correspondence pertaining to PCUS home missions and church union  from 1900 to 1940.

Also included is correspondence pertaining to the Historical Foundation at Montreat and the Ruffner family from 1898 to 1942.   Campbell inherited the Ruffner papers of Henry Ruffner and William Henry Ruffner through his first wife, Sarah Ruffner, and donated them to the Historical Foundation in 1928.  Other items include reports to the pastor from the Women of First Presbyterian Church, Asheville, 1914-1916; a map of Mountain Mission Schools, circa 1915; and a County and Railroad map of Virginia and West Virginia, undated.

The accession register of the Presbyterian Archive indicates the papers were a gift of Robert F. Campbell, donated in 1940; the scrapbooks were donated by his wife in 1952.  The incoming correspondence in Box 1 was removed from two deteriorating box files and foldered; the original order of two alphabetically arranged series was maintained.

In February 2010 the papers of Robert F. Campbell were transferred from the Presbyterian Headquarters in Philadelphia [Presbyterian Historical Society, 425 Lombard St., Philadelphia, PA 19147-1516 USA] to the University of North Carolina Asheville at the request of the Campbell and Ruffner family.

Preservation actions
[Action note 583]

The scrapbooks are fragile and contain many loose items and should be used with care. The covers of many of the scrapbooks had mold on them; the covers were cleaned or removed, May 2005. The county and railroad map soiled and stained; loose dirt was removed with a dry eraser and brush (May 2005), but there are still stains on the map. Sermon notes tied in bundles; clippings crushed.

Publisher Special Collections, D.H. Ramsey Library, University of North Carolina at Asheville
Contributor Presbyterian Historical Society, 425 Lombard St., Philadelphia, PA 19147-1516 USA
Date original 1898 - 1942
Date digital 2001-02-05
Type Collection ; Text ; Image ; Correspondence ;  Scrapbooks ; Diaries ;Clippings ;Photographs ; Sermons ; Subject files ; Lecture notes ; Legal documents ; Manuscripts  ; Maps ; Pamphlets ; Newspapers ; Periodicals ; Reports ; Minutes ; Newsletters ; Annual reports ; Financial records ; '
Format 14.00 cubic feet (17 cartons and 2 oversize folders)
Source M2010.06.01-17.  D. H. Ramsey Library Special Collections, Manuscript Collections
Language English
Relation Presbyterian Historical Society, 425 Lombard St., Philadelphia, PA 19147-1516 USA ; First Presbyterian Church of Asheville, NC ;  McCoy, George William. The First Presbyterian Church, Asheville, N.C., 1794-1951, Asheville, The First Presbyterian Church, 1951 ; Craig, Edward Marshall, 1867-1918. Highways and byways of Appalachia; a study of the work of the Synod of Appalachia of the Presbyteria , Kingsport, Tenn,. Kingsport press, 1927 ; Wyckoff, D. Campbell. Beautiful upon the mountains : a handbook for church education in Appalachia / writers and editors,  Memphis, TN : Published for Joint Educational Development and the Commission on Religion in Appalachia by Board of Christian Education of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, c1984 ;
Coverage temporal 1848-1926
Coverage spatial Primarily Asheville, N.C. ; Western North Carolina ;  Appalachian region
Rights Material must be used in accordance with current copyright law. Copyright retained by the authors of certain items in the collection, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Donor Presbyterian Historical Society, 425 Lombard St., Philadelphia, PA 19147-1516 USA
Acquisition 2010-02-19
Citation Robert F. Campbell Papers, Special Collections, D.H. Ramsey Library, University of North Carolina at Asheville
Processed by Unprocessed ; Presbyterian Historical Society edit date: 7/28/2008 ; In  processing by staff of the University of North Carolina Asheville, 2010-02-19.

Robert F. Campbell was born in Lexington Virginia, in 1858 and died in Asheville, North Carolina, in 1947.  He attended Washington and Lee University from 1874 to 1879; taught school in West Virginia and Virginia from 1879 to 1882; attended Union Theological Seminary in Virginia from 1882 to 1885; and earned a Doctor of Divinity from Davidson College in 1893.   Campbell was pastor of churches in Millboro and Windy Cove in Lexington Presbytery from 1885 to 1889; in Buena Vista, Virginia, from 1890 to 1892; pastor at Davidson College Presbyterian for part of one year, 1892 [?] ; and First Presbyterian Church in Asheville, North Carolina, from 1892 to 1938 (pastor emeritus from 1938 to 1947).  He was Moderator of the General Assembly in 1927 and author of "Freedom and Restraint," published in 1930.

Campbell has been described as the "virtual founder of the Synod of Appalachia." ** He served as the chairman of the home mission committee of the Appalachian Synod from the date of its inception in 1915 until about 1937. He was a trustee of Union Theological Seminary (Virginia) for over forty years and was also a trustee of King College in Bristol, Tennessee and an active participant in shaping the policies of Montreat College in North Carolina.

The publications of Dr. Campbell are extensive. Several of the most well known publications  include the pamphlet, "the Race Problem in the South," ; "Mission Work Among the Mountain Whites" ;  "Classification of the Mountain Whites"; "The Church Fai9r and Its Congeners" ; "The Dog in Literature" ; "the Use and Abuse of Animals" ; "Sunday Laws and Liberty" ; Freedom and Restraint, his most important book is a collection of lectures, called the 'James Sprunt Lectures' which were delivered for Union Theological Seminary."  His interest in animal rights resulted in the formation of the Society For the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals."

On December 12, 1937 the Asheville Citizen-Times wrote a tribute to Campbell and to his years as "a spiritual influence in Asheville."  The newspaper article says, "For forty-five years he has been the most constant spiritual influence in Asheville -- a religious force in the changing denominational life of this community.  ...Like every true minister of God he has never preached a sermon quite as eloquent and as persuasive as his own life. What he has said each Sunday has drawn its richest and most convincing meaning from the illustration which he has given to it in his daily life."

Lingle, Walter L. , Rev. "A Prince of the Church," in 'Talks on Timely Topics' in the Christian Observer, December 29, 1937 which commemorates the life of Campbell at the time of his retirement from the first Presbyterian Church in Asheville.

Notes: Original accession number [Presbyterian Historical Society]:  54500 54501 54502 54503 54504 54505 54506 54507 54508 54509 54510 54511 54512 54513 54514 54515 54516 54517 54518 54519 54520 54521 54522 54523 54524 54525 54526 54527 79772 79773 79774 79775 79776 79777 79779 57448 54579 54575 54516 79782 79770 79771 79778
Box order:
Box 1

Incoming correspondence; copy of a letter from Campbell to Woodrow Wilson, 1916; tribute to Reverend R.P. Smith by Campbell; and clippings, 1888-1946

Box 2 Scrapbook of letters, clippings, and photographs, 1917-1925

Scrapbook 1

Box 3 Correspondence, speech notes, reports, and newsletters pertaining to organization of the Synod of Appalachia, 1914-1915; correspondence and minutes pertaining to Committee on Closer Relations, Plan for Union, Home Missions, race, and the Historical Foundation, 1898-1942; a legal record pertaining to Lafayette, Inc., 1866; sermons and sermon notes, 1908-1940
Box 4 Pocket notebooks (13) containing diaries, registers of visits, lecture notes, sermon notes, quotes, and banking records, 1893-circa 1902
Box 5 Clipping and subject files; student notebooks; notes for prayer meeting talks and addresses; journals; pamphlets; research, clippings, and notes for Sprunt lectures; printed sermons of Harry Emerson Fosdick and others; 1877-1940
Box 6 Seminary notes, prayer meeting and Sunday School teacher talks and sermon notes, sermons, manuscripts, journals, pamphlets, clippings, and First Presbyterian Church (Asheville, N.C.) reports, 1882-1930
Box 7` Scrapbooks (4) containing clippings, letters, 1892-1917.  Includes a scrapbook of letters Campbell received in response to publication of his sermon, "Some Aspects of the Race Problem in the South," in 1898

Scrapbook 2,

Scrapbook 3,

Scrapbook 4,

Scrapbook 5

Box 8 Scrapbook containing letters and clippings, 1942
Box 9 Scrapbooks (3) containing loose clippings and letters

     Journal 1
     Journal 2
     Journal 3

Box 10 Printed speeches on social issues, 1908-1910; excerpts from biographies of Grover Cleveland, and scrapbook, 1881-1885
Box 11 Scrapbooks (2),  1899-1900 and 1933-1937
Box 12 Sermon outlines, circa 1911-circa 1928
Box 13 Sermons, sermon notes, and sermon outlines, circa 1891-1943
     Sermon at the funeral of Thomas Wolfe
Box 14 Sermons and sermon thoughts and outlines, circa 1889-1934
Box 15 Sermons and sermon notes, circa 1907-1943; includes a printed copy of "Some Aspects of the Race Problem in the South," second edition, 1905; and one issue of the Presbyterian Standard newspaper with an article on the Pan-Presbyterian Federation, 1918
Box 16 Sermons, sermon notes, and sermon outlines, circa 1901-1944; manuscript poem, "David," by V. Starbuck, undated
Box 17 Scrapbook, 1899-1928, comprised mostly of loose newspaper clippings.  Also includes a printed copy of "The Use and Abuse of Animals," a sermon published by the Western North Carolina Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, 1907; and an article in the Christian Observer about the donation of the Ruffner papers to the Historical Foundation at Montreat in 1928 ; also includes an article from the Christian Observer, Dec. 12, 1937 highlighting his life entitled "A Prince of the Church."
OS (File cabinet) Oversize folder,   Map of Mountain Mission Schools, circa 1915  [Original location: 193B, Shelf 5:]

County and Railroad map of Virginia and West Virginia, undated. [Original location: Map case A.8.8]:

Newspapers from 1880-1935
 -Asheville Citizens Times
-Lexington Gazette
-New York Times