D. H. Ramsey Library Special Collections and University Archives

John Brown Speculation Lands Collection of Western North Carolina
M2016.02

Summary Information

Repository
UNC Asheville Special Collections and University Archives
Title
John Brown Speculation Lands Collection of Western North Carolina
ID
M2016.02
Date [inclusive]
1829-1900
Extent
3.0 Linear feet
Physical Descprition
Contains correspondance, deeds, legal papers, quit-claims and maps
Location
Located in Special Collections, Row 4, Section 5.
Language
English
Abstract
The John Brown Land Speculation Collection is related to the greater Speculation Lands Collection of Western North Carolina. This collection contains items from the Brown family members beginning in the late 1700’s and extendeding well into the early 1900’s, and includes items from John Brown, his son William John Brown, his sons John Evans Brown, William Caleb Brown, and Samuel S. Brown, and John Evans son, W. Vance Brown. John Brown was 21 years old when he got started in the speculation lands business and he represented a syndicate of Pennsylvania investors to enter and obtain land grants in Western North Carolina.

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Scope and Contents

The John Brown Land Speculation Collection is a collection related to the greater Speculation Lands Collection of Western North Carolina. This collection contains items from the Brown family members beginning in the late 1700’s and well into the early 1900’s, and includes items from John Brown, his son William John Brown, his sons John Evans Brown, William Caleb Brown, and Samuel S. Brown, and John Evans son, W. Vance Brown. The main sections of the collection are described below, along with Western North Carolina’s place in the history of Land Speculation.

Each folder in the collection pertains directly to one of the Browns listed above. Some folders are a combination of two of the Browns, because the items in them contain names of more than one Brown. Lastly, there is a set of folders with items that came with the collection, but that have no direct name reference to the Brown family. The majority of the items in the John Brown collection are deeds, maps, letters, correspondence, ledgers with estimated acreage and tax values, and additionally, many of the items concern legal matters and judgements regarding land disputes during the land speculation boom.

In America, land laws had begun to change by the advent of the Declaration of Independence, and the power of the original eight Lords Proprietors in North Carolina had begun to fracture. Land claims could now be taken on any land, up to a 640 acre stipulation, that had not been previously granted by the Crown or the Lords Proprietors. Paper currency had inflated by 1780 and counterclaims were then settled in county court. Soldier’s working for the Crown could even have their bonuses paid in land.

Quit-rents were also extensively utilized. These were patents, or a long-term lease on the land with the lessor paying the lease under a certain term. The annual rent due was paid to the Crown itself. When the land was sold, the new owner then absorbed the taxes on the lease and the payment of rent- roughly the equivalent of how today’s land taxes work.

The name “Speculation Lands” essentially refers to the 400,000 acres in Western North Carolina that was bought for resale from the Rutherford Land Company, much of it by Philadelphia native Tench Coxe between 1795 and 1796. Coxe then formed the Speculation Land Company along with assistance from Pierre Etienne DuPonceau, a soldier who fought alongside Washington at Valley Forge, and Abraham Kintzig. Engrossment was the amassing of that land through land speculation. A settler could claim 640 acres, plus an additional 100 acres for a wife and each minor child. By 1794 the revised land price of 50 shillings per 100 acres resulted in a flood of land investors.

North Carolina had ceded all of its western lands to the United States Government with the proviso that the federal government would guarantee all the North Carolina land grants whether or not they violated Indian treaties. This was a moot point however, because by 1835, the native Cherokee of Western North Carolina had ceded more than 1.9 million acres of land in treaties dating to 1785. Even earlier in 1783, North Carolina had opened all land west of the Appalachian Mountain Chain, except for one small Cherokee reserve in the southeast, to purchase and settlement, essentially disposing of 4 million acres in a matter of 7 months.

With the additional discovery of gold, the land speculation business began booming in Western North Carolina. These Speculation Land Companies always reserved mineral interests in deeds when land was sold, and indeed, prior to 1829, all the native gold used by the US Mint came from North Carolina, with the Bechtler Mint coining the most gold mined from the speculation lands of the area.

None of those land investors was more prominent however, nor left a more far-reaching legacy than that of John Brown. Born to Judge William Brown in 1772, John Brown had a son named William John Brown in 1803 and a grandson named John Evans Brown in 1827 who both helped extensively with the family land speculation business. The elder Brown displayed unique insights into the techniques that were being utilized by absentee investors to engross the southern mountain region and in fact, in less than 3 weeks, Brown had procured nearly 500,000 acres in Buncombe, Burke, and Wilkes counties to sell. Brown’s North Carolina Land Company did a booming business until the late 1800’s. By this time however, high hopes for land and mineral developments were effectively shattered by the panic of 1873 and the subsequent railroad scandals.

John Brown was 21 years old when he got started in the speculation lands business and he represented a syndicate of Pennsylvania investors to enter and obtain land grants in Western North Carolina. Several of these investors have left their legacy in Western North Carolina even today, and include names such as William Cathcart, George Latimer, John Norris, James Patton, Colonel William Erwin, John Hall, and William Holland Thomas, and whose names can all be found amongst the Brown Collection.

Brown’s grandson John Evans Brown was deeply involved with the business of mining and land speculation, along with his son W. Vance Brown. John Evans Brown bought or earned on commission from the William Cathcart and the George Latimer Land Speculation grants from 1795 the development of mineral interests, including both iron and mica, in Mitchell, Burke, and Yancey counties.

Over the more than 200 years that the Brown family staked their claim in the land speculation business in North Carolina, much changed regarding land use and laws during this time. What has not changed however, is the lasting legacy the Brown Family had on Western North Carolina and its place in the annals of the United States, the South, and North Carolina History.

Sources:

Brown, John. "John Brown’s Journal of Travel in Western North Carolina in 1795". The North Carolina Historical Review. Vol. 11, No. 4 (October, 1934) p. 284-313.

Patton, Sadie Smathers. Buncombe to Mecklenburg: Speculation Lands. Forest City, NC: Forest City Courier, 1955.

Southern, David and Louis P. Towles. Land Grants. 2006. ncpedia.org/land-grants

Speculation Lands Collection, D.H. Ramsey Library, Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Asheville 28804.

Walbert, David. The Lords Proprietors. www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-colonial/1668

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

UNC Asheville Special Collections and University Archives

Ramsey Library, CPO # 1500
One University Heights
Asheville, North Carolina, 28804-8504
828.251.6645
speccoll@unca.edu

Access Information

The collection is open for research.

Custodial History

Collection acquired from William A. Hart.

Accruals note

No additional accruals are expected.

Processing Information

Processed by Ashley McGhee, Spring 2016.

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Related Materials

Related Materials

Related to the Speculation Lands Collection (M2003.3)

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Collection Inventory

Box 1: Correspondence, Letters, Maps, Deeds of John Brown, son William J Brown, sons William Caleb Brown, Samuel S Brown, and John Evans Brown, and son W. Vance Brown 

Folder 1: John Brown 

Document 1: Land Patent From Samuel Ashe, Governor of North Carolina for 200,960 Acres in Buncombe County to John Holderman via John Brown (April 3, 1797) 

Document 2: Haywood County Deed transferring land on Soco Creek in the amount of 29,920 acres from Joseph H. Walker to John Brown, agent for “Latimore and Others” in Pennsylvania (Multiple Dates- October 10, 1829 earliest date) 

Document 3: Power of Attorney from John Haldeman to John Brown (Multiple Dates- October 7, 1832 earliest date) 

Document 4: Letter transferring land from William McEntire to John Brown in Morganton, Burke County, NC (December 7, 1832) 

Document 5: Notice of land seizure; Margaret Latimore, John Brown Agent (April 18, 1833) 

Document 6: Copy of Raleigh Court Records regarding the suit with the heirs of Foster (Multiple Dates- April 1833) 

Document 7: Bonds of John Brown to Joseph Pitman regarding land in Yancey county and mine and mineral rights; other names on document- Latimer’s, William Cathcart, Dale’s (all of the states of Pennsylvania and Delaware), signed by John Brown, Wilson Burleson, and an unreadable signature (June 25, 1834) 

Document 8: Correspondence regarding a quit-claim in Macon County between William Holland Thomas and John Brown (August 28, 1834) 

Document 9: Bond John Brown to James Witson in Yancey County and mine and mineral rights; other names on document- Latimer and Dale (September 25, 1834) 

Folder 2: John Brown 

Document 1: Bill of Complaint by John Brown for James and Margaret Latimer (April 26, 1836) 

Document 2: Bonds John Brown to William Carson for 75 acres in Haywood County (June 21, 1838) 

Document 3: Bonds for John Brown (September 17, 1838) 

Document 4: Bonds John Brown to John Beck for 50 acres in Haywood County (August 6, 1839) 

Document 5: Bonds John Brown for Latimer and Dale to Henry Street for 50 acres in Yancey County 

Document 6: Blackstock Deposition- Kit Low was living illegally on lands quit-claimed by the Latimers and Dales (April 7, 1843) 

Document 7: Bonds (Deed) John Brown to Thomas Street for 50 acres in Yancey County (April 4, 1844) 

Document 8: Small parchment scrap with John Brown’s name and mention to pay Brown (April 28, 1845) 

Document 9: Bond John Brown to John Beck for 50 acres in Haywood County (September 29, 1846) 

Document 10: Letter Regarding Timber (UNDATED) 

Folder 3: John Brown and William J. Brown 

Document 1: Cathcart Bonds (March 15, 1844) 

Document 2: Land Note, John and William J. Brown (August 17, 1848) 

Folder 4: William J. Brown 

Document 1: William J Brown Account Balances (1832) 

Document 2: Bill of Damages (1836) 

Document 3: Copy of Notice of Sale on a Red and White Steer (1837) 

Document 4: Deed from Henry Underwood to Bill Case for 52 Acres, Agent W. J. Brown (July 3, 1840) 

Document 5: Discussion of Col. Brown's Will (1840) 

Document 6: William Case Account Numbers (October 27, 1843) 

Document 7: Blackstock Grants, Col. Brown (1843) 

Document 8: William Case and W. J. Brown Accounting (July 20, 1846) 

Folder 5: William J. Brown 

Document 1: Deed, Yancey County (July 8, 1847) 

Document 2: Sawyer Mine Lease (June 29, 1848) 

Document 3: Bond, Alex Sawyer (June 30, 1848) 

Document 4: Patton Interest Claim (August 5, 1848) 

Document 5: Payment Note (September 28, 1848) 

Document 6: Payment Note (September 3, 1849) 

Document 7: Requests for Payment of Notes (January 14, 1850) 

Document 8: Bundle of Monthly Notes (September 28, 1850) 

Folder 6: William J. Brown 

Document 1: Bond/Deed Donaldson to Miller in Yancey County, W.J. Brown Agent (October 13, 1850) 

Document 2: Bond/Deed W. J. Brown to Mashburn (October 15, 1850) 

Document 3: Payment Note- Red and White Steer (November 28, 1850) 

Document 4: Bank Note Sawyer Mine (January 1951) 

Document 5: Rule for Security (Spring 1951) 

Document 6: Latimore/Case Rule for Security (Spring 1951) 

Document 7: Mileage and Compensation Document (Earliest Date Fall Term 1851) 

Document 8: Document of Clerk of Superior Court, Asheville, Buncombe County (1851) 

Folder 7: William J. Brown 

Document 1: 4 Judgments of State of North Carolina for W. J. Brown to Appear in County Court for Compensation of John Taylor (April 3, 1852) 

Document 2: Case Land Dispute (April 1852) 

Document 3: Listed Suits and Costs (May 29, 1852) 

Document 4: Latimore/Case Land Acreage/Cost (May 31, 1852) 

Document 5: Bond W. J. Brown to Street, 50 Acres Yancey County (July 13, 1852) 

Document 6: Bond from Brown to Vance (October 10, 1852) 

Document 7: Notice to W. J. Brown and William Case (July 29, 1855) 

Document 8: Purchase Claim Sheet (June 5, 1857) 

Document 9: Spring Term Examination Docket (Spring 1857) 

Document 10: Court Case Proceedings of William Case/W. J. Brown vs. Thomas Pettet of Pennsylvania (Spring 1857) 

Folder 8: William J. Brown 

Document 1: Sawyer Mine Divisions (July 25, 1857) 

Document 2: W. J. Brown Accounting (August 17, 1857) 

Document 3: Bill of Complaint of William Case Against W. J. Brown (Fall 1857) 

Document 4: Possession of Land Dispute, William Case, Brown, Samuel P. Johnston, Cathcart Title of 1840 (October 13, 1857) 

Document 5: Suits of William Case Concerning Costs (March 15, 1858) 

Document 6: William Case Monetary Charges Against W. J. Brown (April 8, 1858) 

Document 7: Personal Notations Regarding Claim Settlements (April 12, 1858) 

Document 8: Deed John Donaldson via W. J. Brown as Agent to John Miller for 40 Acres in Yancey County (April 20, 1858) 

Folder 9: William J. Brown 

Document 1: Copy of Notice to William Case for Deposition (July 24, 1858) 

Document 2: Amounts of William Case As Returned to Sheriff of Henderson (October 1858) 

Document 3: Deed Tax W. J. Brown and Woodfin (February 19, 1859) 

Document 4: Suit Amounts (March-April 1859) 

Document 5: Survey Checks (June 21, 1859) 

Document 6: Personal Notations (October 10, 1859) 

Document 7: Patton Land Plot (October 13, 1859) 

Document 8: Stevens Land Plot by W. J. Brown (December 2, 1860) 

Folder 10: William J. Brown 

Document 1: Memorandum on Sawyer Mine- Woodfin, Patton, Brown, et al. (March 24, 1868) 

Document 2: Transfer and Sale of Enoch Sawyer Mine (August 25, 1869) 

Document 3: Land Lawsuit, Names Include Stevenson, Griggs, Browne, (September 15, 1872) 

Document 4: Notes Regarding Mine Property (November 13, 1872) 

Document 5: Lease of 100 Acres in Mitchell County, W. J. Brown to Buchanan's and McKinney (November 26, 1872) 

Document 6: Lease for Mineral Rights and Precious Stones in Mitchell and Buncombe Counties (1872) 

Document 7: Notice of Restraining Order (May 16, 1873) 

Document 8: William Cathcart Will Written by Colonel B. S. Gaither to Major W. J. Brown (November 12, 1877) 

Document 9: Suits in Relation to the Cathcart Grant (February 24, 1880) 

Document 10: Listed Owners of the Enoch Sawyer Mine (May 24, 1880) 

Document 11: Sawyer Mine Suit (November 26, 1881) 

Folder 11: William J. Brown (ALL UNDATED DOCUMENTS) 

Document 1: Letter Regarding Patton Claim; Blackstock, Brown, Patton 

Document 2: Filed Affidavits 

Document 3: Court Monetary Rulings 

Document 4: Suit Cases 

Document 5: Authorized Court Costs to be Paid by Parties 

Document 6: Listed Court Fees and Sums 

Document 7: Court Fees Jackson County 

Document 8: List of Court Cases, Plaintiffs vs. Defendants 

Document 9: List of Payments to Jackson and Haywood Courts 

Document 10: Land Plat Done by W.J. Brown 

Folder 12: William J. Brown and John E. Brown 

Document 1: Deed WJ Brown and JE Brown, Yancey County (April, 1843) 

Document 2: Land Grant Samuel Johnston and William Case For 100 Acres on Shoal Creek, Buncombe County (October 8, 1843) 

Document 3: Deed Made By WJ Brown For JE Brown (February 7, 1854) 

Document 4: Indenture Between WJ Brown and JE Brown (June 10, 1856) 

Document 5: Mileage Traveled by WJ Brown (July 1857) 

Document 6: Deed By Z.B. Vance (October 22, 1858) 

Document 7: Deposition Letter (1859) 

Document 8: Superior Court Charges Notice (1859) 

Document 9: Hand Drawn Map (May 1860) 

Document 10: Deposition Letter (1861) 

Document 11: Bank of London Payment (June 13, 1866) 

Folder 13: William J. Brown and John E. Brown 

Document 1: Indenture Agreement (1871) 

Document 2: Indenture Agreement (October 19, 1872) 

Document 3: Indenture Agreement (October 21, 1872) 

Document 4: Indenture Agreement (November 2, 1872) 

Document 5: Lease Between WJ Brown and Wilson Burleson (November 11, 1872) 

Document 6: Lease of JE Brown to Emmet, McKinney, Buchanan, et al. (November 11, 1872) 

Document 7: Lease of WJ Brown to Buchanan (November 19, 1872) 

Document 8: Indenture Burleson, Buchanan From WJ Brown and JE Brown (June 25, 1873) 

Document 9: Indenture of Land (June 26, 1873) 

Document 10: Lease Copy Malone and Carter (1873) 

Document 11: Indenture of JE Brown of New Zealand (June 1, 1875) 

Folder 14: William J. Brown and John E. Brown 

Document 1: Indenture To Buchanan and Green (June 16, 1875) 

Document 2: Memorandum of Agreement (March 2, 1882) 

Document 3: Mitchell County Indenture (July 31, 1882) 

Document 4: James Buchanan Indenture By JE Brown (September 8, 1882) 

Document 5: Aaron Buchanan Indenture By JE Brown (October 25, 1883) 

Document 6: Undated Deposition Material 

Document 7: Undated Deposition Material 

Document 8: Undated Deposition Material 

Document 9: Undated Parchment Scrap with Names and Dollar Amounts 

Folder 15: John E. Brown 

Document 1: Attestation by JE Brown (April 28, 1845) 

Document 2: Promissory Note (April 28, 1845) 

Document 3: Deed William Case to JE Brown (June 10, 1856) 

Document 4: Superior Court Charges (1859) 

Document 5: Court Summons Brown Vs. Dobson (July 20, 1859) 

Document 6: Circuit Court Case (May 8, 1873) 

Document 7: Circuit Court Case Notes (May 8, 1873) 

Document 8: Brown Vs. Wiseman Court Notes (May 8, 1873) 

Document 9: Brown Payment For Share In Sawyer Mine (June 3, 1886) 

Document 10: Western Carolina Mica Company Letter From George A. Blood, President to JE Brown (October 24, 1891) 

Document 11: Undated Scrap of Land Coordinates 

Folder 16: Samuel Brown 

Document 1: List of the Poe Indenture Names (January 1850) 

Document 2: Western Carolina Mica Company Deed To S. Brown (June 1914) 

Folder 17: W. Caleb Brown 

Document 1: Case Payment Made By W. Caleb Brown (April 9, 1858) 

Folder 18: W. Vance Brown 

Document 1: Letter From Sinclair and Haney, Attorneys and Counselors At Law (June 3, 1889) 

Document 2: Indenture Between John S. Wilson and Western Carolina Mica Company in Mitchell County (August 1, 1900) 

Document 3: Indenture Between John S. Wilson and Western Carolina Mica Company (July 14, 1902) 

Document 4: Indenture Between W. Vance Brown and Samuel J. Black of Mitchell County (1908) 

Document 5: Indenture Between Western Carolina Mica Company and S. William Blood of Ohio (April 8, 1913) 

Document 6: Indenture of W. Vance Brown (November 28, 1914) 

Document 7: Memorandum of Agreement For W. Vance Brown Re: Mining For Mica on the Bailey Lands (January 8, 1915) 

Folder 19: W. Vance Brown 

Document 1: In Envelope, Memorandum of Agreement Between W. Vance Brown and Robert and T.A. Buchanan (July 1915) 

Document 2: Agreement Between Western Carolina Mica Company and P.H. Abernathy (1916) 

Document 3: Payment For $75.00 to W. Vance Brown From First National Bank Belleville, NJ and Returned Check Notice (May 3, 1917) 

Document 4: Memo of Agreement Between W. Vance Brown and T. A. Buchanan (February 19, 1918) 

Document 5: Indenture Between P.H. Abernathy and W. Vance Brown For Mines and Mineral Interests (May 1, 1919) 

Document 6: Letters Regarding W. Vance Brown Lease to F. Fuller (January 17, 1920) 

Document 7: Indenture of Lease Between W. Vance Brown and F. Fuller (January 1920) 

Folder 20: Documents with No Direct Name of Brown 

Document 1: Undated Hand-Drawn Map Regarding Felix Walker and William Cathcart, Surveyed by Thomas C. St. Clair, Land Surveyor for Haywood County 

Document 2: Undated Court Cost Summation Sheet, to be Paid by Deft Brown 

Document 3: Undated Parchment Scrap Regarding Bank Balance 

Document 4: Undated Half Page of Names and Numbers, Possibly Acreage and Total Value 

Document 5: Undated North Carolina Option Deed, Not Filled in 

Document 6: Undated Memorandum For Lease of "Brown Mineral Interests" to L. J. Pitner 

Document 7: Parchment Scrap of a Letter, Part of Samuel Buchanan's Name at the Bottom and ?Winthrop Prescott 

Document 8: Power of Attorney Transfer From Elizabeth Hoover to Alfred Hoover and ?G.C. Mendenhall 

Box 2: Correspondence, Letters, Maps, Deeds Related to John Brown Collection But Without Direct Name Reference (Chronological Order) 

Folder 1: Documents with No Direct Name of Brown 

Document 1: Undated Parchment Scrap Regarding Land Plot 

Document 2: Undated Half of State of Pennsylvania Form and Stamped Seal 

Document 3: Undated Middle Page (Both Right and Left Sides Missing) of Acreage and Land Valuation 

Document 4: Undated Parchment Scrap of Enoch Sawyer and Alex Sawyer Deeds 

Document 5: Undated Parchment Scrap of Summations, Various Names- W.J. Wilson, Shufod, Roberts 

Document 6: Undated Rough Plat of Mrs. Stevens, Seal of Congress in Left Upper Corner 

Document 7: Undated List of Haywood County Acreage and Valuations Claimed by George Latimore and Others 

Document 8: Undated Blank Memo of Agreement 

Folder 2: Documents with No Direct Name of Brown 

Document 1: Grant No. 631, 595, and 624 for 640 acres, 640 acres, and 320 acres; Additional Grants to John Ferguson (October 10, 1792) 

Document 2: Deed List (1794) 

Document 3: Land Entries by William Cathcart (February 8, 1795) 

Document 4: Records of Pounds on Land Paid to the Treasury (1796) 

Document 5: Land Plat and Hand-Drawn Map Buncombe and Macon Counties, John Holderman and Jacob Erhlman (March 8, 1797) 

Document 6: Land Plat and Hand-Drawn Map Franklin, John Holderman and Jacob Erhlman (March 8, 1797) 

Document 7: Acquisition of Land by Burke County on the Basis of Owed Property Tax (Earliest Date: January 1808) 

Document 8: Burke County Tax Summations (1809) 

Folder 3: Documents with No Direct Name of Brown 

Document 1: Letter of Nomination for Nicholas W. Woodfin (May 8, 1817) 

Document 2: Indenture Between Anne Sawyer and Philemon Hawkins/Thomas Avery (June 29, 1818) 

Document 3: Letter to Col. Irwin Re: Land Sales (February 7, 1825) 

Document 4: Scrap of Paper with Multiple Dates, Faded Handwriting (April 10, 1826 Earliest Date) 

Document 5: Swain and Foster Land Petition (1827) 

Document 6: Scrap of Parchment w/Payment Amounts (1828) 

Document 7: Letter Re: Court Deposition (October 12, 1830) 

Document 8: Court Docket Minutes (1830) 

Folder 4: Documents with No Direct Name of Brown 

Document 1: John Fergus and John McDowell Land Grants (May 1831) 

Document 2: Land Bill (November 30, 1831) 

Document 3: Deed, Names of Patton, Suttle (? Spelling) (1831) 

Document 4: Erwin Land Tract Description (1833) 

Document 5: Land Memorandum with Acreage and Interest Amounts (November 1833) 

Document 6: Notice of Land Sale of Cathcart Lands, Formerly Native American Lands, Due to Unpaid Taxes (April 7, 1837) 

Document 7: Haywood County Land Deposition Document (October 20, 1840) 

Document 8: W. Case Deed (July 1840) 

Folder 5: Documents with No Direct Name of Brown 

Document 1: Hand Drawn Map (1843) 

Document 2: Paper Scrap Noting Paid Back Taxes (1844) 

Document 3: Memorandum of Deed by John R. Queen (March 24, 1847) 

Document 4: Indenture Between Philemon Hawkins, Thomas Avery, and James Patton, Nicholas Woodfin, and John Woodfin (August 4, 1848) 

Document 5: Hand Written Indenture Between Philemon Hawkins, Thomas Avery, and James Patton, Nicholas Woodfin, and John Woodfin (August 4, 1848) 

Document 6: Indenture Between Alexander Sawyer and James Patton, Nicholas Woodfin, and John Woodfin (August 5, 1848) 

Document 7: Dispute Over Theft of Apples, W. Case (1850) 

Document 8: Patton Land Deed (April 5, 1858) 

Folder 6: Documents with No Direct Name of Brown 

Document 1: Land Dispute, Case and Patton Names (April 6, 1858) 

Document 2: Money Amounts (April 5, 1858) 

Document 3: Blackstock and Patton Land Deeds (October 9, 1860) 

Document 4: Two Pages Stuck Together, Multiple Various Hand Writing on Both Sides, Most Overwritten (October 29, 1860 Earliest Date) 

Document 5: Hand Drawn Map of Henry Stevens Land (1861) 

Document 6: Enoch Sawyer Indenture (June 29, 1868) 

Document 7: JJ Case Supreme Court Ticket (1872) 

Document 8: Supreme Court Notes Re: Land Dispute (November 11, 1872) 

Folder 7: Documents with No Direct Name of Brown 

Document 1: James Wiseman Rule to Show Cause Court Case (April 15, 1873) 

Document 2: Deposition on Restraining Order (May 21, 1873) 

Document 3: Promissory Note to J. Buchanan (October 1, 1878) 

Document 4: Sheet of Questions Re: Burleson Land (December 5, 1879) 

Document 5: Court Docket Costs, Names of Burleson, Buchanan, Hughes (October 1, 1880) 

Document 6: Acreage and Estimates, Cathcart Named (1884) 

Document 7: Letter From Charles M. Platt From Franklin; Recipient Name Cut Off (June 13, 1888) 

Folder 8: Documents with No Direct Name of Brown 

Document 1: Deed to Hugh MacRae and Co. From A. J. Burton and Wife (May 22, 1895) 

Document 2: Deed For Deake Mine Place, J.H. Jordan, Guardian For Robert and Sampson Wilson, E.C. Guy and Wife, Bruce L. Guy, Willard Cannon and Wife Minnie, to S. William Blood of the State of Ohio (1913) 

Document 3: Deed Between Western Carolina Mica Co. and J.H. McCoy (Name has been struck through with pencil and another illegible name written), Yancey County on the South Toe River (February 28, 1913; date has been struck through and June 28, 1914 rewritten) 

Document 4: New Jersey Payment Stub, Lee S. Pitner (June 6, 1917) 

Document 5: Indenture of Lease Between Western Carolina Mica Company and E.C. Guy and Wife, Bruce L. Guy, and William T. Hippey for Land in Yancey County Along the South Toe River (March 15,1925)