D. H. Ramsey Library Special Collections and University Archives

Highland Hospital Collection

Summary Information

UNC Asheville Special Collections and University Archives
Highland Hospital Collection
Date [inclusive]
0.4 Linear feet  ; 1 box
Physical Description
Contains policy and procedural manuals, publicity/ news bulletins, and transcript of a speech.
Located in Special Collections row 4 section 4

Preferred Citation

Highland Hospital Collection, D.H. Ramsey Library, Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Asheville 28804

Return to Table of Contents »

Historical Note

In 1904, Dr. Robert Carroll founded a sanitarium on Haywood Street in Asheville. Two years later, the sanitarium relocated to 80 acres of land that Carroll had purchased on Zillicoa Street, and was renamed Highland Hospital. The hospital aimed to achieve "brain health" in patients through a combination of diet, exercise, and revolutionary treatments, including electroshock, insulin, and horse serum injections. Carroll gave the hospital to Duke University in 1939, but he stayed on as Medical Director until 1946, when he retired at the age of 77. In 1948, a fire in the Central Building killed nine patients, including Zelda Fitzgerald, who were being treated at the hospital. Duke sold the property to Psychiatric Institutes of America (PIA) in 1980. In 1982, PIA was purchased by National Medical Enterprises Inc. of California, who ran the hospital until 1993, when it was closed.

Return to Table of Contents »

Scope and Contents

Contains three distinct document streams. Firstly copies of manuals from the 1980s and 1990s, covering, policies and procedures, and fire safety at Highland Hospital. Secondly, twelve editions of "Highland Highlights", a biannual hospital publication, issued between 1972 and 1991. Lastly, a transcript of a speech given in 1979 during the hospital's 75th anniversary celebrations.

Return to Table of Contents »

Administrative Information

Publication Information

UNC Asheville Special Collections and University Archives

Ramsey Library, CPO # 1500
One University Heights
Asheville, North Carolina, 28804-8504


No restrictions. Any display, publication, or public use must credit the D.H. Ramsey Library, Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Asheville. Copyright retained by the creators of certain items in the collection, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Sources of Acquisitions

Virginia Bryan Schrieber [transcript], and Highland Hospital [other materials]

Processing Note

Processed by Colin Reeve, November 2016

Return to Table of Contents »

Collection Inventory


Folder 1: History 

Transcript of, "Highland Hospital Revisited", speech given on August 22, 1979 by Evelyn Parker Ivey-Davis, MD, keynote speaker at Highland's 75th anniversary celebration 

Condensed version of speech by Dr. Ivey-Davis, copied from "Highland Highlights", Spring 1980 

Folder 2: "Highland Highlights" Magazine 

Spring 1972 

Fall 1973 

Spring 1978 

Winter 1978/1979 

Spring 1980 

Fall 1981 

Fall 1982 

Spring 1984 

Winter 1986 

(Spring) 1988 

Summer 1989 

1991 - Volume XIV 

Folder 3: Highland Hospital Policy and Procedure Manual, last reviewed and updated, September 16, 1983 

Folder 4: Fire Regulations and Procedures Code Red, last reviewed or revised, March 18, 1991